Spondylolisthesis


Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis happens when one of the vertebrae in the spine falls out of place.

This vertebra has usually slipped directly beneath it over the vertebra. Spondylolisthesis occurs most often in the lower back and generally experienced by adults.

Types and grades

There are 6 types of spondylolisthesis depending on the causes. These are-:

Type I

Some people are born with spondylolisthesis. The children may also naturally develop this problem during their developmental years. In these cases, you cannot notice any sign of spondylolisthesis until later in life.

Types II

In this type of spondylolisthesis. People usually face problems in a part of the vertebra, that is known as the pars interarticularis. This type has further certain types includes-:

  • Type IIA, this is caused due to overuse and hyperextension.
  • Type IIB, you may suffer from this type of spondylolisthesis due to the development of extra bone, which results in misalignment as well as stretching too.
  • Type IIC, people suffer from a complete fracture due to trauma including car accidents and a sports injury.

Type III

This type of spondylolisthesis is related to age, which means it is usually experienced by old age people.

Type IV

Type IV is explained as a fracture that happens anywhere in a vertebra excluded pars interarticularis region.

Type V

Type V is related to the vertebrae tumor, which results in weakness.

Type VI

People who are suffering from weakness of the back because of previous surgery usually experience Type VI spondylolisthesis.

Symptoms

As we stated above, some people are suffering from this condition from birth and unable to notice any type of sign of spondylolisthesis. And when they age, they may start noticing some symptoms. These include-:

  • The increased inward curve of the spine, known as lordosis
  • Pain in lower back and legs that is aggravated by movement or twisting
  • Difficulty walking or running
  • Tight hamstrings
  • weakness in one or both legs
  • Pain that travels from the back down one or both legs
  • Pain in the lower back or buttocks

Causes of spondylolisthesis

The reasons behind spondylolisthesis vary from person to person. Additionally, some people are experiencing this condition from birth because they are born with a defective vertebra. And some experience it due to injury because of sports or accidents too.

Typical causes include:

  • Previous surgery
  • Fractures from injury
  • Spondylolysis, a defect or fracture in the pars interarticularis region
  • Birth defect
  • Degeneration from overuse or aging
  • Tumors
  • Joint injury from arthritis or chronic illness

Diagnosis

If you are suffering from spondylolisthesis, then you have to find the best specialist as soon as possible to get rid of this condition on time.

  • Your specialist may begin with a physical exam or ask you certain questions about the pain or numbness you are experiencing.
  • He may also perform X-rays to detect the problem properly.
  • If your doctor is unable to find the problem, he may suggest certain additional tests to examine the fractures.

Treatment of spondylolisthesis

The treatment options to get rid of spondylolisthesis include surgery, therapies, and home remedies too.

  • Your doctor first may prescribe you pain relief medications. If you don’t get relief from pain with the help of medications, then he may recommend you to go with surgery.
  • Along with these treatment options, he also recommends you to make certain changes in your lifestyle habits. If you are obese, then you have to think about losing some weight, so that you can get rid of this condition.
  • Or he may prescribe you some physical therapies so that you can get relief from symptoms of this condition.

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