Spinal cord tumors cause various symptoms. With the tumor growth, the spine bones, spinal cord or spinal nerve roots can get affected. Some of the symptoms include:
- Tumor growth can lead to pain at the tumor site.
- Muscle of arms or leg are very weak.
- Back pain which reaches other body parts also.
- Less sensitivity to heat and cold.
- Problem with bladder function or bowel control.
- Problem walking
- Severe back pain at night.
- Mild or severe muscle weakness in different body parts.
In the early stage, back pain is the most prominent symptom which can spread to the legs, hips, arms, or feet. According to the type of tumor, the progression rate of the spinal tumors will be different
The causes of the spinal tumors are not clear. According to research, defective genes create a lot of problems. But, it is not known whether these genes develop with time or inherited. It might be possible exposure to certain chemicals can cause this problem. Some of the risk factors include:
- Neurofibromatosis 2
In this disorder, benign tumors affect the hearing as they develop on or near the nerves. It leads to progressive hearing loss in one or both ears. In some cases, spinal canal tumors can develop.
- Von Hippel-Lindau disease
It is a multisystem disorder. It is linked with brain blood vessels and affects the brain, spinal cord & retina. It can also affect the kidneys or adrenal glands.
The diagnosis will help to determine the following processes:
A proper medical examination is determined by the back pain to diagnose the spinal tumor. For accurate and positive diagnosis radiological tests are done:
X-ray helps in producing images of the body parts. Spine X-ray will help to determine the potential causes of pain i.e. infection, tumor or fracture. However, they are not very reliable in diagnosing the tumor.
- Computed tomography scan (CT or CAT scan)
CT -Scan helps show the size and shape of the spinal canal along with its structures and content around it. CT-scan is very effective in giving top-quality images of the bony structure.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
MRI helps to develop 3D images of the body structure with computer technology and powerful magnets. It can help to see the spinal nerve root, entire spinal cord, and nearby areas properly along with enlargement, degeneration, and tumor.
- Bone Scan
The bone test is done with the help of Technetium-99. This test helps check the infection, bone tumor, and other types of diseases which can lead to abnormal bones.
When you visit the spinal neurosurgeon for the spine surgery in Punjab he will give you the treatment course according to your condition and test results of the diagnosis. The treatment will depend on surgical and non-surgical options. The best Spine Doctor in Punjab will also consider the patient’s overall health and goals of care.
Non-Surgical treatment will include options like:
- Radiation therapy
Tumor growth can change and sometimes the progression is not visible so MRI is helpful. In some cases, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the best options. However, sometimes the surgery is a viable option for the patient.
Surgery is given according to the tumor type. A primary spinal tumor is removed with “en bloc resection”. Surgery is recommended to patients with metastases and whey the life expectancy is around 3 to 4 months or might be longer. Additionally, the tumor is resistant to radiation or chemotherapy. When the surgery is considered the tumor location is determined in the spinal canal.
If you are facing a problem then always get the best information from the orthopedic surgeon through consultation and get a reliable treatment course.