What is a slipped disc?
When a disc herniates, it creates pressure against one or more of the spinal nerves. This condition results in severe pain, numbness, and weakness in certain body parts. A slipped disc is additionally known as a herniated, ruptured, and prolapsed disc.
Every disc has two parts include-:
- The gelatinous inner portion, a soft part of a disc.
- A tough outer ring.
When you met with an injury, then the gelatinous part of the disc extends beyond the outer ring. So, this condition leads you to a slipped disc and when a slipped disc compresses any one of your spinal nerves, then you will surely experience severe pain and numbness in surrounding nerves too. In this case, you need to get help from a specialist, he may recommend a surgical procedure to remove the slipped disc.
Symptoms of a slipped disc
You may experience a slipped disc in your neck or lower back. It can cause any part of the spine, but the lower back is the most common body part. Signs of slipped disc include-:
- You experience severe pain and numbness on one side of the body
- Burning sensation, aching, and tingling in the affected area
- Pain that worsens at night or with certain movements
- Unexplained muscle weakness.
- You may suffer from severe pain while changing posture such as standing or sitting.
- Some people experience pain when walking short distances
- Pain that extends to your legs or arms
The symptoms of slipped disc vary from person to person, some people are experiencing mild signs or some are suffering from severe conditions.
Causes of slipped discs
A Slipped disc is usually caused due to the weakness of the outer ring. This condition is generally experienced by old age people.
Lifting a heavy object
You may suffer from this condition while you are turning or twisting to lift a heavy object. Lifting too many heavy objects affects your lower back and results in a slipped disc.
Being overweight also leads to a slipped disc problem due to a sedentary lifestyle and weak muscles.
Some people are suffering from this condition because they inherit a predisposition of discs which results in a herniated disk.
Regular smoking blocks the oxygen supply to the disk, resulting in a slipped disc.
Diagnosis of Slipped disc
Your specialist may perform a neurological exam to check your-:
- Walking ability
- Ability to feel a vibration, light touches, and pinpricks.
- Muscle strength
Your doctor may also perform imaging and nerve tests for diagnosis.
Imaging tests include-:
- CT scan
Nerve tests include-:
Nerve conduction study
This test is designed to measure the electrical impulses in the nerve signals when electrodes are placed on the skin.
In this test, your specialist injects an electrode needle into several muscles in order to evaluate the electrical activity of your muscles.
Treatment of slipped discs
- Opioids such as codeine and an oxycodone-acetaminophen combination include Percocet and Roxicet.
- Over-the-counter pain medications include naproxen sodium (Aleve), ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin IB), and acetaminophen (Tylenol).
- Muscle relaxers
- Cortisone injections
Slip Disc Surgery is recommended if you are unable to treat slipped disc problem with medications or you fail to get rid of signs such as-:
- Severe pain
- Numbness or weakness
- Difficulty standing or walking
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
In these cases, surgery is performed to remove the extended or protruding part of your disc. In certain cases, the entire disc can be removed to treat your condition.
Lifestyle and home remedies
- Applying heat or cold
- Avoiding too much bed rest
- Resuming activity slowly