Osteoporosis


Osteoporosis

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a type of bone disease in which the quality and the density of the bones are reduced. In this condition, bones become fragile and porous leads to fracture. This condition affects both men and women, but this condition usually experienced old age women in the menopause period.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis

In the early stages, there is no sign of bone loss or Osteoporosis. But after some time, this condition results in several other signs such as-:

  • A stooped posture
  • Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
  • A bone that breaks more easily than expected
  • Loss of height over time

Causes of Osteoporosis

The new bones are constantly made and old bones are broken down. In this case, the bone mass increases, but once you reach the 20s, this process slows down. And when you reach the 30s or 40s, the bone mass is lost too fast and results in Osteoporosis.

Risk factors

Here are a number of risk factors that can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis.

Unchangeable risks

Your sex-: Generally women experience this condition too much as compared to men.

Age-: As we stated above, old age people suffer from this condition.

Family history-: If your parents or sibling having this condition, then you are also at high risk of getting this problem.

Hormone levels

Sex hormones-: According to a recent study, several people are suffering from low levels of sex hormone. This condition results in weak bones and osteoporosis.

Thyroid problems-: If you are suffering from high levels of thyroid hormone, it will increase the risk of having Osteoporosis or bone loss.

Other glands-: Overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands result in Osteoporosis.

Medical conditions

You may experience bone loss due to the below-mentioned medical conditions.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Celiac disease
  • Lupus
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Cancer
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Multiple myelomas

Lifestyle habits

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Tobacco use

Diagnosis

Your specialist may recommend you go with low levels of X-rays to measure bone density. If you are experiencing mild condition, then only a few bones are checked such as spine and hip.

Treatment of Osteoporosis

You can get rid of this condition with the help of medications and some lifestyle changes.

Bisphosphonates-:

This medication is especially for men and women who are at risk of bone fracture. This includes-:

  • Zoledronic acid (Reclast, Zometa)
  • Alendronate (Binosto, Fosamax)
  • Ibandronate (Boniva)
  • Risedronate (Actonel, Atelvia)

Bone-building medications

These include-:

  • Teriparatide (Forteo)
  • Abaloparatide (Tymlos) is a type of parathyroid hormone drug.
  • Romosozumab (Evenity)
  • Monoclonal antibody medications

Hormone-related therapy

  • Women who are suffering from this condition, due to high levels of estrogen can get rid of this condition with the use of Raloxifene (Evista).
  • In men, they need to undergo Testosterone replacement therapy to regulate hormone levels.

Lifestyle changes and home remedies

  • You must quit smoking and limit your alcohol consumption.
  • Routine exercise also helps you to get rid of this condition.

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