Endoscopic Discectomy procedure is done to remove the herniated disc material and it is an outpatient procedure. In the surgery, local anesthesia is used with the help of X-ray fluoroscopy and to see the body parts properly magnified video is helpful. The surgeon will insert the endoscopic probe into the skin back and between the vertebrae & the herniated disc space. Tiny surgical attachments are sent down to the hollow center to make the portion of the offending disc. The bulging disc is pushed with the microsurgical attachments and bony spurs & disc fragments are removed.
On average, the surgery takes one hour and the patient might feel little pain or discomfort. The procedure does not leave external stitches. Once the procedure is done, a small bandage is placed over the incision. The surrounding area of the disc is not affected by this procedure. On the disc site, there will be small punctures that are around one and a half inches.
About Endoscopic Disc surgery
Minimally invasive and safe procedure
Medical advancement has made the endoscopic discectomy technique safe and it helps the disk to treat more safely. The difference between the traditional and new approach is between the lateral access and dorsal access. It means the nerves which run around the spinal canal are not touched, injured and possible complications are also avoided.
Not all endoscopic surgeries are the same
The major difference between our endoscopic surgery and other surgical techniques is also its benefit. The herniated disc is accessed laterally and with other methods, it is accessed from the back. With this approach, the ligaments and nerves are not hurt. The procedure is done under the local anesthesia.
Importance of Post-operative care
After the surgery, the patient needs to visit the doctor for a follow-up. Also, the physiotherapist will give you a rehabilitation program as per your condition. For the first 2 weeks, the patient needs to put a specially fitted plastic corset which gives support to your back and after that, you can get back to your normal working routine.
After one week, it is essential to start physiotherapy under a professional doctor. Within 6 weeks the abdominal muscles and back strengthening exercise started. Along with that, you can get back to your sports regime.
Lumbar Endoscopic Discectomy Procedure
The patient is given general or local anesthesia before the procedure. On the surgical site, a small incision is made which allows the endoscope to pass through the disc space along with other instruments. The damaged portion of the disc and other disc material that is pressing against the nerves is removed. On average, the lumbar endoscopic discectomy takes one hour.
People who have bulging or herniated discs which lead to numbness, pain, or weakness. Moreover, treatment options like physical therapy, pain medications, exercise, stretching, or corticosteroids do not prove helpful.
Ideally, the patients who are experiencing persistent numbness or weakness in the legs undergo the treatment. Additionally, the person is not able to move properly.
Endoscopic Spine Surgery
Typical Conditions Endoscopic Spine Surgery Treats
Endoscopic surgery is useful in treating several conditions that result in a great amount of pain or discomfort. Typically the conditions that can be treated are:
- Spinal Stenosis
- Foraminal Stenosis
- Some failed back surgeries
- Annular Tears
- Disc Herniations or Protrusions
- Facet Syndrome
Benefits of Endoscopic Surgery
- Compared to conventional procedures like open back surgery, the risk of infection is less in this.
- The incision is around 1 inch or even less than that which results in less blood loss.
- Minimal pain during and after the procedure.
- Recovery time is less as compared to other procedures which mean the patient gets back to normal working routine easily.