What is osteoporosis? What are the reasons due to which humans suffer osteoporosis?
You will be surprised to know that every 10 years you replace your skeleton which means the bones in the body continue to grow. In the human body, some bone cells will continue to grow and some diminish which is known as remodelling.
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis leads to the bone which becomes weak and fragile. It makes bones so weak that if a person bends or coughs it causes fracture in wrist, hip or spine. A person with osteoporosis experiences thinning of bones where bones become porous, brittle and fracture can happen also. If you are the one who is experiencing then consult the best spine surgery in Ludhiana.
What are the reasons which cause osteoporosis?
Women with low estrogen
In older women, the risk of osteoporosis is high due to the low estrogen in their body as well as they lose more bones rather than replacing.
The women who stop menstruating at a younger age due to anorexia or athletes also experiencing such a problem. The women who are not having both ovaries are also more prone to experience osteoporosis.
Men with low testosterone
For maintaining bone health men need testosterone as well as estrogen because men convert their testosterone into estrogen for the preservation of bone. If men are having low testosterone in them then it leads to osteoporosis.
Imbalance of other hormones
Hormones such as growth hormone and parathyroid hormone and so on also play an important role in maintaining the density of bone. They also help orchestrate how your bones are using the intake of calcium. But always remember excessive parathyroid hormone leads to loss of calcium which means your bones will become weak automatically due to loss of calcium.
Insufficient consumption of calcium
Since childhood, we heard how much calcium is important for our bones. Your body needs calcium as well as phosphorus. Do you know that many organs of your body such as heart, muscles, nerves and much more are dependent upon calcium? If your body won’t be able to give calcium then they start taking it from a mineral storehouse in your bones. If this will happen continually than it ends up making bones weaker.
Deficiency of vitamin D
Deficiency of vitamin D in the human body makes bones weaker as well as increases the loss of the bone. Vitamin D helps in regulating the phosphate as well as calcium in the human body. This helps in keeping the muscles, bones healthy.
The person who is a chain smoker suffers from the low density of bone as well as is at high risk of getting fractures as compared to non- smokers. It is found out that consumption of nicotine is going to affect the bone cells and also do blockage where the body won’t be able to use estrogen, calcium and vitamin D.