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Back Surgery: Types, Recovery, and Benefits

February 6, 2020

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So, you need to get back surgery and before that the doctor will have tried different treatment options to ease the back pain. There are different treatment options along with its benefits that are mentioned in this blog for your understanding. We know the more you will learn about the condition and its possible options it will help you make the right choice. 

 

Benefits of Back Surgery

Undergoing the spine surgery you will notice these changes:

  • Body movement gets better.
  • Physically more active.
  • Mood improves drastically.
  • Able to get back to the working routine.
  • Less need to take pain medications. 
  • Work productivity increases.

 

What are the possible risk factors?

Most people will have minimal risk undergoing the surgery and they are very rare also:

  • Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs
  • Herniated disk
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots in the legs or lungs
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Nerve damage, which leads to weakness, sexual dysfunction, paralysis, pain, or loss of bladder control.

When you visit the doctor he will identify the problem and according to your condition let you know which type of surgery is best for you. 

Types of surgery

Different types of surgery are mentioned below along with its benefits and very rare complications. 

  • Spinal fusion
    This type of surgery is best for nonspecific back pain. The doctor will join the spinal bones together which are known as vertebrae. Due to this surgery, how far the nerves can stretch will be limited but there will be no effect on the body activity. 

    You should not smoke because it can increase the complications and if the problem gets severe the complications can increase. 

  • Laminectomy
    Laminectomy surgery is for lumbar spinal stenosis. During the surgery, bone spur, bone parts, or ligaments in the back are removed. This way, the pressure from the spinal nerve is reduced along with weakness. 
  • Foraminotomy
    With this type of surgery, the pain due to compressed nerves in the spine is reduced. The surgeon cut the bones present at the side of the vertebrae which helps in giving extra space. With this method, the spine can be less stable so the surgeon can do a spinal fusion along with it. With this type, you need more time for recovery. 
  • Disk replacement
    With this surgery, the damaged spinal disk is removed and an artificial one is inserted between the vertebrae. It is possible for you to move the spine and recovery time is also less.

For the best advice, you need to consult our surgeon and they will give a customized treatment program as per your condition.