Everything you need to know about the health problem of slipped disc
What is a slipped disc?
The slipped disc is the intervertebral disc of the spine that does not have its normal shape and consistency. The problem occurs when the soft inner material of the disc leaks or bulges out to its external fibrous covering. Medically it can be referred to as bulged, torn, herniated, protruding disc may be used interchangeably with a slipped disc.
The herniated disc occurs material from the disc inner core leaks out. The intervertebral discs are known as spinal shock absorbers and help in transferring the load evenly. With this problem, the total motion segment is affected that includes blood vessels, nerves, connective tissue, and adjacent vertebrae are affected. Slipped disc issue is common in the lower back that also affects the neck.
How does the slipped disc occur?
- Natural degeneration of the disc
This makes the nucleus pulposus less hydrated and gets weak with age.
- Trauma to the disc
Problems occur by lifting a heavy load and due to incorrect posture or external forces.
What type of pain does slipped disc give?
The slipped disc can result in pain in the local area like the back or neck or a distant location such as a leg or arm. In some cases, there might be not any pain or it can resolve with time while you are getting the treatment.
Herniation occurs in the back and side of the disc, where the annulus fibrosus is thinner. Near this part, there are spinal nerve roots and this can result in:
- Nerve roots will have chemical irritation because of the inflammatory substance getting leaked from the nucleus pulposus.
- Mechanical compression of the nerve root that can result in weakness or nerve pain in the leg or arm according to the compression site.
Extreme localized pain
Slipped disc can result in localized and chronic pain in the neck or back area. This type of pain is known as discogenic pain.
Motion Segment Instability
The degeneration of a slipped disc can cause instability in the spinal motion segment that triggers pain, and there can be abnormal decreased or increased mobility.
Why is it important to get the correct diagnosis?
The doctor can diagnose the entire problem of slipped disc accurately and consider the other reasons for pain like fractures, infection, or tumors. With timely diagnosis, patients can get an effective treatment plan which reduces the symptoms and prevents the progression of spinal or nerve cord damage.
Consult the best doctor
To make sure from start to end of spine surgery in Ludhiana, treatment is proper and effective, always consult the best spine doctor. His skills and experience will help you get the treatment that improves your condition. For more information, book your consultation and clear all your doubts.